Know The Main Types Of Depression And Its Treatments

Depression, contrary to what many people imagine, is not freshness. It is a disease that affects millions of people on the planet and can have different types. There are different variations between the manifestations and perceptions of the disease, which is why it is so complex.

Only qualified professionals, such as psychiatrists, are able to identify the ideal type and treatment for depression. Next, learn about the main variants of the disease and how to approach each one.

Major depression: most common type

Major depression

More commonly, this variant of depression generates symptoms such as sadness, anguish, discouragement, guilt and changes in sleep, appetite, concentration and libido.

The disease can be divided into mild, moderate and severe degrees, each type requiring a different approach.

After a professional evaluation and the problem is identified, treatment consists of antidepressant medication, psychotherapy and lifestyle changes. Practicing physical exercises, for example, is essential.

Dysthymia: mild signs of depression

Also called melancholy, this type of depression is characterized by mild signs of the disease, which last for two years or more. The person thinks that it is not something abnormal and ends up living with it.

The point here is that this condition can quickly worsen and cause serious damage to physical and mental health.

Treatment consists of psychotherapy to identify symptoms and ways to disarm them in time. Doing physical activity also raises your spirits.

Atypical: different form of manifestation

Despite having this name, this type of depression affects many people. It follows a pattern of causing insomnia and increased hunger – symptoms contrary to common depression.

Sensitive and irritable mood, in addition to worsening symptoms at the end of the day, are other characteristics.

In this case, the approach involves using basic antidepressants and, if necessary, mood stabilizers.

Psychotic: worrying type of depression

This variant of depression is quite serious. In addition to traditional symptoms, there may be others such as delusions of persecution or the feeling that something bad is about to happen.

In more serious situations, the patient may even mix reality with fantasy.

Therefore, treatment is conducted with antipsychotic medications. They promote a reorganization of the brain and alleviate the crisis.

Mixed: more difficult to identify

Sometimes confused with anxiety , mixed depression involves symptoms such as accelerated thinking, increased irritability and compulsive behavior when shopping, sex or how to react.

To treat this condition, mood stabilizers or antipsychotics are used. Then, antidepressants.

Sleep Disorders Increase The Chances Of Having Alzheimer’s

Sleep disorders increase the chances of having Alzheimer’s

People with Alzheimer’s usually live with sleepless nights. This is because this is one of the consequences of the disease, caused by the impaired production of melatonin (sleep regulating hormone).

But a recent study by researchers at the University of Washington School of Medicine, USA, warns that poor sleep quality may also be a risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease.

To reach this conclusion, the survey counted on the participation of 119 people with an average of 60 years old or more. Of these, 80% had normal cognitive ability and the remainder had a small impairment of function.

These participants used a portable electroencephalogram (EEG) device for a week in order to measure brain waves while sleeping. In addition, they received a sensor to monitor body movement during the night. The volunteers also took notes throughout the study to record sleep data, be it night or day.

The scientists then measured the levels of two proteins in these people: tau and beta-amyloid, both present in the brain.

Tau protein is found in neurons and, under certain conditions, can accumulate in the brain with another protein (beta-amyloid), which can cause brain damage and cognitive decline. In Alzheimer’s patients, this substance is found at high levels.

In the test done by the researchers it was observed that people who have less amount of slow wave sleep (that deep sleep you need to wake up refreshed) have high levels of tau. Some dozed during the day and slept at night, but the fact is that the quality of sleep was poor.

Therefore, for the researchers, the chances of the disease may be related not only to the time slept, but also to the quality of those hours.

Waking up rested and feeling that your night’s sleep was great is a good sign for the prevention of numerous diseases. Therefore, you need to be aware of the time you sleep and the changes in your sleep.

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The Suggestion Of Coffee Is Enough To Stimulate The Brain

If, while looking at the image above, you hit that urge to drink coffee and you were tempted to take one right now, rest assured!

They are just stimuli that your brain is receiving.

The drink, one of the most popular in the world, is already known for the physiological effects caused by caffeine , as sleep inhibition.

But now, according to a new study , a simple look at something that reminds us of coffee is able to stimulate our mind, simulating the effects of caffeine on the body, so that we are more alert and alert .

Enough To Stimulate The Brain

In addition, the researchers also found that the participants’ brains, when exposed to objects that resemble coffee, interpret time in a shorter way, which may be linked to a person’s personal planning.

Priming Effect

The priming effect is basically when you look at something, and it is capable of having an effect on you, like the one shown above, the excitement of drinking coffee.

This happens when your brain starts to receive stimuli, which are simple signals sent to it that can change your behavior.

It acts on the individual’s responses, without the person’s awareness of the taste or characteristic of the drink, but directly on its effects, for example, how we associate coffee with the feeling of being more attentive.

This term (priming effect), which was already observed in other professional areas, such as communication and pedagogy, was also used by the study authors as a possible explanation of the effect that coffee had on the participants.

Difference between Cultures

In the study, it was also possible to see another side of the research. People who do not drink coffee, by culture for example, may not experience this reaction of physiological arousal.

But this has a reason, according to the researchers, it is necessary to have at least a psychological connection to the drink, such as trying the drink (in this case coffee) at other times or at some point in your life.

This type of behavior that varies from culture to culture can be seen in the study. The scientists carried out the experiment with oriental participants, who traditionally are not in the habit of consuming coffee during the whole routine.

As a result, the previous effects seen on the other participants were not the same when compared to the Orientals.

The researchers believe that this may be because they do not consume coffee culturally, and consequently do not have the psychological connection of the drink. That is why the effects of coffee suggestion are not the same as those of those who already drink it frequently.

Main Types Of Depression And Its Treatments